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新西蘭Analysis of text assignment:viwes of intelligence across

時間:2019-05-05 15:00來源:未知 作者:anne 點擊:
導讀:本文是一篇新西蘭高中生作業,具體要求是關于分析跨文化的智慧觀。通過閱讀以下圖文內容來寫作途中的問題。 (i) What are some key features of the text which make it distinctive from other text genres

導讀:本文是一篇新西蘭高中生作業,具體要求是關于分析跨文化的智慧觀。通過閱讀以下圖文內容來寫作途中的問題。

(i) What are some key features of the text which make it distinctive from other text genres? 文本的一些關鍵特征是什么,使其與其他文本類型不同?
本文屬于研究論文,其標題簡要介紹了從跨文化情報中檢索到的總體文本。可以很容易理解,文本主要是關于跨文化的智能。A段的第一句話表明,不同文化的人對智力有不同的認同和看法。因此可以得出結論,本文的目的是通過研究比較不同文化的人之間的差異。本文介紹了東亞和西方文化中認知風格的發展。
文本的樣式是以學術文本的形式書寫的。本文以科學的思維方式進行思考,最終得出科學的結論。整個課文里有幾個代詞。此外,尊重文本的結構,它是非常清晰和組織良好的。而且,文本的語言通常是簡潔的。
The text belongs to research paper, and its title gives a brief introduction to the overall text, which is retrieved from Intelligence across cultures. It can be easily understood that the text is mainly about the intelligence across culture. The first sentence in Paragraph A shows that people with different culture have different identifications and ideas about intelligence. So it can be concluded that the purpose of the text is to compare the difference between the people with different culture by making research. In this text, that cognitive styles have been developed in East Asian and Western cultures is introduced. 
The style of the text is written in formal format as academic text. The text is in a scientific way of thinking and draws scientific conclusions in the end. And there are a few pronouns in the whole text. In addition, respecting the structure of the text, it is very clear and well-organized. Also, the language of text is concise in general.
 
(ii) What are some key language elements of the text?文本的一些關鍵語言元素是什么?
本文旨在準確描述跨文化的智力觀。對這一現象進行了分析研究。密歇根大學的Richard Nesbitt所做的研究(第b段)和Sternberg和Grogorenko所做的另一項研究都強烈支持本文所提到的觀點。在文本中使用情態是為了流暢。在本文的D段中,can用于建議(學術情報可以發展…)。此外,被動傾向也經常出現在學術論文中。在學術文章中,大多數句子被稱為被動句,因為作者希望客觀地對待問題,而不是強調行為的主體。
The text is aimed at giving an exact description of the different views of intelligence across culture. Studies are made to analysis of the phenomenon. The study made by Richard Nesbitt of the University of Michigan (paragraph B) and another study made by Sternberg and Grogorenko all strongly support the view mentioned in the paper. And the use of modals in the text is vial for the fluency. In the paragraph D of text, can is used for recommendations (academic intelligence can develop…). In addition, passive tend often occurs in academic papers. In the academic articles, most of the sentences are called passive sentences, because the author wants to treat issues objectively, instead of putting emphasis on the body of the behaviors.
 
(iii) What pattern(s) of organization can you see in the text (eg listing, sequence, comparison/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution, extended definition)? What signal words can you find?您在文本中可以看到什么樣的組織模式(例如列表、順序、比較/對比、因果、問題/解決方案、擴展定義)?你能找到什么信號詞?
準確地說,組織的主要模式是整體比較。通常,比較文本會根據主題的需要選擇不同的目標。然后,對目標進行詳細的研究和應用。然后收集所有的資源和數據進行分析。最后得出結論。過程主要如上所述。在文本、文化智慧觀方面,他們選擇不同的社區作為從亞洲到非洲的目標。很明顯,不同的人對智力有不同的看法,特別是在不同的領域。
信號詞有很多,如認知、智力等。智力觀對認知能力有重要影響。可以通過測試來證明文化偏見的缺失。
To be exact, the main pattern of organization is comparison as a whole. Usually, the comparison text would choose different targets according to the demands of topic. And then, a detailed research scope will be made and applied to the targets. Then all the resources and data will be collected to analysis situation. Finally, a conclusion can be reached. The process is mainly as above. In terms of the text, view of intelligence of culture, they choose different communities as targets from Asia to Africa. It is obvious that different people have different opinions about the intelligence, especially in different areas. 
There are many signal words, such as, cognitive, intelligence and so on. The view of intelligence has an important impact on the cognitive ability. A test can be adopted to develop the absence of cultural bias.

 

(iv) What makes the text cohesive and coherent?是什么使文本具有凝聚力和連貫性?
關于凝聚力和連貫性的辯論持續了十年。但現在,仍有許多語言學家過分強調非結構銜接裝置的功能。
銜接最初是出現在語篇分析中的一個基本術語,被認為是一個至關重要的問題。事實上,內聚部分是通過詞匯和語法來表達的。因此,它可以分為兩部分:詞匯銜接和語法銜接。本文首先介紹第一段中的主題,重點介紹西方文化中的人們把智力作為個人的一種手段。從C段到D段,對研究進行了科學的討論。最后一段主要討論解決這一困境的方法。
在連貫性方面,文本具有兩個方面的連貫性:一是在情境語境方面的連貫性,二是在文本中的連貫性。Fries(1983年)和Danes(1974年)總結了幾個主題發展模式,這些模式可以用來解釋文本是否連貫。此外,銜接將思想和句子結合起來。
The debate of cohesion and coherence last for decade. But now, there are still many linguists who overemphasize the function of nonstructural cohesion devices.
Cohesion originally appeared in discourse analysis a basic term, which is regarded as a vital issue. As a matter of fact, cohesion is expressed partly by vocabulary and grammar. Therefore, it can be divided into 2 parts: lexical cohesion and grammatical cohesion. The text begins with a introduction of the topic in paragraph A. paragraph focus on that people in western cultures regard intelligence as a means for individuals. From paragraph C to Paragraph D, the studies are discussed in a scientific way. The last paragraph mainly talks about the solution to the dilemma. 
In terms of coherence, a text is coherent in two aspects: it is coherent with respect to the situation context and therefore consistent in text. Fries (1983) &Danes (1974) abstracted several patterns of Thematic Progression which could be adopted to explain whether a text is coherent or not. In addition, cohesion combines ideas with sentences. 
In general, a text normally has register consistency, and it should fit a given set of features of situation. The text contains some degree of coherence in the actual meaning not only in the content but also in total selection from the semantic resources of the language. For example, the values and concepts are replaced (paragraph A) by cognition.   一般來說,文本通常具有寄存器一致性,并且它應該適合給定的一組情況特征。文本在實際意義上不僅在內容上具有一定的連貫性,而且在語言語義資源的整體選擇上也具有一定的連貫性。例如,價值觀和概念被認知所取代(A段)。
 
Overall總體
總之,本文是一個相當正式的研究論文的例子,其目的是介紹跨文化的智力觀點,它圍繞一個中心論文組織,并使用基于研究的見解。在本文中,有描述性的充分性和解釋性的充分性來分析這些問題。此外,本文還充分運用了情態、被動傾向等。當人們下次寫某種紙時,他們應該了解紙的類型,并將技術應用到紙上。
In all, the text is a reasonably formal example of research paper written to introduce the views of intelligence across culture, which is organized around a central thesis and uses insights based on the research. In the text, there are descriptive adequacy and explanatory adequacy to analysis the issues. In addition, author makes full use of modals, passive tend and so on in the text. When people write some kind of paper next time, they should understand the type of paper and apply techniques to the paper.



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